School districts in Texas are required by state law to assess the English language proficiency of all students whose Home Language Survey indicates that the home language is a language other than English.
If a child demonstrates limited English proficiency on the assessment, he/she is considered an English Language Learner (ELL). S/he is also considered to be eligible for enrollment in the appropriate language program: bilingual education or English as a Second Language (ESL) upon recommendation of the Language Proficiency Assessment Committee (LPAC). Bilingual education is only offered in the elementary grades, while ESL is offered at all grade levels. The goal of both programs shall be to use instructional approaches designed to meet the special needs of English language learners. The basic curriculum content of the programs shall be based on the essential knowledge and skills required by the state. (§89.1201. Policy.)